Immune Supplements, Immune Strips

By - Bad Breath Expert

Posted: June 5, 2009

Why Do You Need Immune Supplements?

When I first started testing bad breath back in 1993, I realized that it was absolutely necessary to physically smell the odor exhaled by patients at my clinics. This was in addition to all of the other tests I performed. An unfortunate side effect of that procedure was an increase in rate of getting sick. You see, I was picking up a lot of bugs from every heavy exhale.

I realized that if I wanted to continue I needed something to help me boost my immune system and fight off these viruses and bacteria. Some of you may remember the liquid product I introduced in the 1990's known as
Immune Therapy. You needed to mix a few drops of this immune supplement (a blend of compounds I knew would work, based on experience working with bacteria and viruses back at UCLA) with water. It was a bit of a hassle, but it worked very well to strengthen the immune system. One problem with that formula was that we couldn't add any flavor, because of the method used in preparation.
I recommend that you use an immune supplement with three main ingredients:
Zinc Gluconate in immune strips is the only form proven to be effective.
Dr. Katz Talks About Zinc
Vitamin C is one of the most powerful antioxidants and vital for the immune system.
Dr. Katz Talks About Vitamin C
Echinacea has been used for over 400 years as a general "cure-all".
Dr. Katz Talks About Echincacea
Many of you are aware of a popular product known as Airborne®. It's an effervescent tablet that when dissolved in water helps to boost the immune system and ward off viruses and bacteria. Airborne®. Is a good example of an immune supplement that contains the three ingredients above.
Zinc (Zinc Gluconate)
Zinc works in several possible ways. For example, zinc might prevent the formation of proteins that are needed by a cold virus to reproduce itself and increase its own numbers. Without duplication of the virus, the cold symptoms will cease. Zinc also may attach to proteins that are located on the edge of a cold virus. This attachment impairs the ability of the virus to enter the body's cells, notably those in the respiratory system (the nose, throat, and lungs). Zinc gluconate has been shown to attach to specific receptor sites on the bacteria that produce Volatile Sulfur compounds, thereby inhibiting their ability to produce these compounds. These sulfur compounds have been shown to interfere with the body's healing process
Finally, in an undefined manner, zinc salts may protect and stabilize the lining of the cells, which thereby reduces the chance that the virus will penetrate the cells.

Since 1984, twelve controlled studies (referred to as double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trials) were conducted to evaluate the usefulness of zinc in treating the common cold. During a double-blind, randomized trial, which is considered by scientists as the most objective and reliable study method, neither the physician nor the patient knows whether the patient is being treated with zinc or a placebo. Which patients receive the zinc or the placebo is assigned in a random order (like the flip of a coin). The placebo in these studies is an inactive, non-zinc lozenge that is made to look like, and in some instances, taste like the zinc lozenge.

Five of the randomized clinical trials, which were done in adults, determined that zinc was effective in treating the common cold if the lozenges were started within 24 hours of the onset of cold symptoms.

In one study, the lozenges reduced the severity of symptoms (assessed by using a scoring system). In the other four studies, the duration of symptoms was decreased by 3 to 4 days.

In another study, the treatments with zinc or the placebo were begun before the volunteer subjects were purposely injected with a cold virus. The severity of cold symptoms was significantly less in the group taking the zinc than in those taking the placebo.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Vitamin C is vital for the function of the immune system and contributes to the formation of collagen, which is critical
for essentialy bodily functions.
Two hundred fifty years ago, as many as two-thirds of a ship's crew died from Vitamin C deficiency. The deficiency disease, called scurvy, was rampant in men who were at sea for long periods. In 1747 it was determined that only the sailors given citrus fruits recovered from scurvy. It wasn't until nearly 200 years later that Vitamin C was identified.

Functions of Vitamin C
  • Collagen formation
    Vitamin C participates in two reactions that are necessary for collagen formation. Collagen is found wherever tissues require strengthening, especially in those tissues with a protective, connective, or structural function. Collagen is critical to the maintenance of bone and blood vessels and is essential in wound healing.
  • Antioxidant activity
    Ascorbic acid can act as an antioxidant by donating electrons and hydrogen ions, and reacting with reactive oxygen species or free radicals.
  • Iron absorption
    Vitamin C is important for the effective absorption of iron, especially non-haem iron. Ascorbic acid reduces ferric iron (Fe3+) to ferrous iron (Fe2+).
  • Synthesis of vital cell compounds
    Vitamin C plays a role in stress, as it is important for the synthesis of epinephrine and norepinephrine. During times of physical and emotional stress, as well as during infection, there is increased production of oxygen radicals. Therefore there is also a reliance on Vitamin C's activity as an antioxidant. Those under heavy acute physical stress may benefit from taking large doses of Vitamin C.
  • Immune system function
    Vitamin C is vital for the function of the immune system, especially for the function of lymphocytes.
Physiology and Metabolism
  • Humans are one of the few mammals that are unable to synthesize Vitamin C.
  • Absorption occurs primarily by active transport in the small intestine. Prior to absorption, ascorbic acid (reduced form) may be oxidised to form dehydroascorbic acid. Dehydroascorbic acid is absorbed more readily than ascorbic acid and efficiency of absorption decreases at high intakes. The two forms are inter-changeable and are both biologically active.
  • As Vitamin C is water soluble, the body excretes any excess.
Some Dietary Sources
  • Fruits and vegetables can easily provide a nice dose of Vitamin C. We recommend Grapefruit, kiwi fruit, oranges, honeydew melon, strawberries, cantaloupe, and broccoli.
Echinacea (Echinacea Purpurea)

Echinacea is one of several herbs that act as immunostimulants - botanical medicines that help your body fight off illness by bolstering its natural defenses.
Results of archeological digs indicate that Native Americans may have used echinacea for over 400 years to treat infections and wounds and as a general "cure-all." Echinacea has also been used throughout history to treat scarlet fever, syphilis, malaria, blood poisoning, and diphtheria.

Echinacea is one of several herbs that act as immunostimulants-botanical medicines that help your body fight off illness by bolstering its natural defenses. Echinacea is the best-known of these herbs. The herb is named for the prickly scales in its large conical seed head, which resemble the spines of an angry hedgehog (echinos is Greek for hedgehog).

This North American plant kicks your immune system into high gear. Echinacea can help cut down the effects of a cold, influenza, or bacterial infection before it can spread in the body. It can also shorten the duration and lessen the symptoms of the infection, says Alison Lee, M.D., a pain-management specialist and medical director of an alternative medicine practice in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

When you take echinacea, your immune system responds immediately. It can't sit still. Echinacea speeds up the process of phagocytosis and increases the number of white blood cells-natural killer cells-hunting down foreign particles such as viruses and bacteria in your body.

Today, echinacea is primarily used to reduce the symptoms and duration of the common cold and flu and to alleviate the symptoms associated with them, such as sore throat (pharyngitis), cough, and fever. Many herbalists also recommend echinacea to help boost the activity of the immune system and to help the body fight infections.

The constituents of echinacea include essential oil, polysaccharides, polyacetylenes, betain, glycoside, sesquiterpenes and caryophylene. It also contains copper, iron, tannins, protein, fatty acids and vitamins A, C and E. The most important immune-stimulating components are the large polysaccharides, such as inulin, that increase the production of T-cells and increase other natural killer cell activity. Fat-soluble alkylamides and a caffeic acid glycoside called echinacoside also contribute to the herb's immune empowering effects.

It has been shown in animal and human studies to improve the migration of white blood cells to attack foreign micro-organisms and toxins in the bloodstream. Echinacea properties may offer benefit for nearly all infectious conditions. Studies show echinacea prevents the formation of an enzyme which destroys a natural barrier between healthy tissue and damaging organisms.

Echinacea is considered an effective therapeutic agent in many infectious conditions including upper respiratory infections, the common cold and sinusitis. The herb is a mild antibiotic that is effective against staph and strep infections. Echinacea aids in the production of interferon, which increases antiviral activity against, influenza (flu), herpes, an inflammation of the skin and mouth. It may reduce the severity of symptoms such as runny nose and sore throat and reduce the duration of illness.

Steven Dentali, Ph.D., a natural products chemist with Dentali Associates in Troutdale, Oregon, and a member of the advisory board of the American Botanical Council says that Echinacea works on another level of the immune system as well. It seems to prevent the action of an enzyme called hyaluronidase. When you're sick, this enzyme breaks down the walls of healthy cells, allowing the invaders to get inside.

By interfering with this enzyme, echinacea helps the body maintain its lines of defense in the deadly game of germ warfare, says Dr. Dentali. "There's still some debate over the actual mechanism. Maybe it inhibits the enzyme, or perhaps it supports the cell wall so it's a more formidable barrier and harder to penetrate. No one really knows," he says, "but the result is that it seems to slow down the spread of infection in the body."

The revved-up effect, however, is short-lived. Consequently, for best results, at the very onset of any symptoms (or before entering a crowded environment, such as airplane, stadium, etc) we recommend taking 1 strip every 2 hours until you have dissolved 4 strips per day.

Two groups of researchers recently conducted a review of the scientific literature to determine whether echinacea is safe and effective in preventing or treating the common cold. Both groups of researchers identified 13 high-quality European studies including a variety of different echinacea preparations. Nine looked at the effectiveness of echinacea to treat the common cold and four examined whether echinacea helps prevent this familiar health problem.

Most studies found that echinacea (when taken at the first sign of a cold for 8 to 10 days) reduced cold symptoms or shortened their duration. For example, in a study of 95 people with early symptoms of cold and flu (such as runny nose, scratchy throat, and fever), those who drank 5 to 6 cups of echinacea tea every day for 5 days felt better sooner than those who drank tea without echinacea. Other studies have found that echinacea reduces cold symptoms by roughly 34 percent.
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